LANGUEDOC – ROUSSILLON
ELanguedoc-Roussillon region consists of five departments: Aude, Hérault, Gard, Lozere and Pyrénées-Orientales. It is bordered on the south by Spain, Andorra and the Gulf of Lion, on the north by the Cévennes Mountains and on the east by the Rhone. This region of France is a vast amphitheater facing the sea and its natural boundaries are the Pyrénées, the Cévennes and the Rhône. The physical geography of Languedoc-Roussillon is very contrasting, without any geographical uniformity: the coastal plain in contrast to the Pyrénées, Cévennes and the limestone plateau; the rocky shores of the Pyrénées with long sandy beaches protect large ponds (Thau, Vendres, Méjean).
The uniformity of the Languedoc-Roussillon region is given by the climate rather than the geography. Despite some specifics, it has a Mediterranean climate. In the typically Mediterranean area – which excludes Somail, Espinouse, Caroux and Causses – fall and spring are generally mild and rainy, winter is mild and dry, and the summers are hot and dry.
The region has an area of 6101 km² and a population of about 1 million people. Prefecture: Montpellier; Subprefecture: Beziers-Lodève; Districts: 3; Cantons: 49; Towns: 343.
Between the Orb and Vernazobre, bordered in the North by the Massif Caroux, vines that make up the Saint Chinian appellation are scattered around 22 villages. This geographic area can be divided into two parts:
– In the North, the slate area, with an altitude range of 100 to 350 meters
– In the South, the clay and limestone soil area varies in altitude from 100 to 250 meters
The climate of these two areas is influenced by the coast and the mountains. The general orientation of the vineyard is south-southeast facing the Mediterranean.