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LICANTE BOUSCHET – It’s a cross between Grenache grape and Bouschet. It is one of the few grapes with red juice (most French red varieties have white juice). Juices are very colorful, bright red – but lack acidity and balance. It is found today in Languedoc, Corsica, North Africa, California, Porto. It is used to bring color to some wines.

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ARIGNAN – Color: black. Origin: Spain (Aragon). It grows across the Mid Mediterranean region. A low yield, it gives quite vigorous wines, well-colored, often with rough tannins and some bitterness. It is used in combination with finer varieties: Grenache, Cinsault, Syrah or Mourvèdre. This grape is widespread in southern France, in the Languedoc-Roussillon and Provence. It provides a robust wine with a slight astringency and sometimes a touch of bitterness.

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INSAULT – This southern variety is quite productive. In particular, it grows in Maghreb. When the yield is reasonable, it has a delicate fruity pink color, giving freshness to rosé wines. Growing on schists and with a low yield, it produces soft fruity wine with a beautiful red color. This is a good grape, which gives wines beautiful color and a pleasant fragrance.

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RENACHE – Originally from Spain (Ganarcha). With its upright growth and strong, sturdy trunk, Grenache is ideally suited to grow in hot, windy areas. Because of the dry and rocky ground it grows on, it can have a bronze red color. It is the grape responsible for many great wines of Provence, Languedoc and the Rhone Valley.

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RENACHE BLANC (WHITE GRENACHE) – The Provinces Taragone and Barcelona in Spain are the cradle of the white Grenache grape. This variety has the potential to produce sweet natural wines and also dry white wines. The wine has a long-lasting taste, but sometimes lacks acidity. It is found in France in Roussillon. Widespread in France, this former Spanish grape can provide a good quality, full-bodied wine with low acidity.

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ARSANNE – This white grape originates in Montelimar (Drôme). It thrives on hot and rocky soils and it is very often associated with Roussanne. It produces dry white wine or sparkling wine with fine flavor and medium acidity. The wines are powerful, with low acidity and can develop flower or dried fruit flavors with age. Excellent variety if properly cultivated, it gives rich, full and fat wine.

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OURVEDRE – Spanish origin grape (Valencia region), this variety that has been grown in vineyards all around the western Mediterranean for centuries. On well-exposed hillsides, facing south, this variety gives a colored wine with strong tannins. It is often blended with Grenache and Syrah.

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OUSSANNE – Noble vine, originating in the region of Montelimar (Drôme), gives high-quality white wines, fine, complex, powerful and beautiful pale yellow color. It produces wines suitable for aging.

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AUVIGNON BLANC – Its Bordeaux origin makes it one of the best French wines. It gives dry white wines, very fragrant, balanced, with very different flavors ranging from floral to berries, fruits to minerals.

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YRAH – We finally know where it comes from, DNA analysis conducted by a team of American researchers and ENSA-INRA Montpellier established its relationship with the White Mondeuse and Dureza. It is the main grape in the great wines of the Rhone Valley, Provence and Languedoc. It gives intense, quality wines rich in tannins, very fragrant, with a strong aromatic potential. It needs to be blended with other grapes: Grenache, Mourvedre or Cinsault.

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ERMENTINO – This grape is most definitely from Italy. It likes hot and dry, not very fertile hillsides. It gives quality white wines that are dry, light, with a lovely pale yellow color and aromas of hawthorn, pear, hazelnut.